Youth Gangs and Violence By:
United States, declares the background check requirement of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act unconstitutional. The Florida Supreme Court upholds a jury's $ million verdict against Kmart for selling a gun to and intoxicated man who used the gun to shoot his estranged girlfriend. Overview. Universal school-based programs to reduce violence are designed to teach all students in a given school or grade about the problem of violence and its prevention or about one or more of the following topics or skills intended to reduce aggressive or violent behavior: emotional self-awareness, emotional control, self-esteem, positive social skills, social problem solving, conflict. This violent children overview will give a general overview of the many forms of adolescent violence, warnings signs that a teen may become violent, tips on preventing teenage violence and getting help with therapy or treatments for teen anger and abuse issues.
Melissa Hansen By Hollie Hendrikson This report summarizes select state laws related to violence and injury prevention that were enacted by state legislatures in It also provides information about current violence and injury prevention issues.
Links to additional resources on the topics covered are also included throughout this report. Twenty-five states passed laws aimed at preventing prescription drug abuse, misuse and overdose. Eleven states passed laws to address traumatic brain injury. Seven of these states created or modified youth sports-related concussion laws.
Seven state legislatures enacted laws to prevent youth violence before it starts. Six of these states passed laws aimed at preventing bullying. At least 30 states passed laws to address traffic safety issues including distracted driving, child passenger safety, ignition interlock devices and graduated drivers licensing for teen drivers.
One state passed a law that aims to prevent older adult falls. Four states enacted laws that aim to prevent suicide among young adults and students. Three states passed laws to address intimate partner violence and sexual violence prevention. Two states passed laws to address teen dating violence by creating or modifying school curriculum.
Six states passed laws related to home visitation, and three states passed laws to create task forces to make policy recommendations for preventing child maltreatment. Introduction Unintentional and violence-related injuries are the leading cause of death for Americans ages 1 through This means that, for young and middle-aged Americans, injuries from car crashes, suicides, poisonings or falls are prominent risks.
For adults over age 65, both falls and injuries related to motor vehicle crashes can result in lengthy hospitalizations and reduced independence. State legislative efforts to reduce injury fatalities and hospitalizations include a wide range of interventions.
This review of violence and injury prevention laws is intended as a resource for state legislators and legislative staff who seek to learn about other state policy actions that aim to reduce the burden of violence and injuries. This report provides a summary of laws and a brief overview of select policy issues including prescription drug overdose, traumatic brain injury, youth violence, traffic safety, older adult falls, suicide, intimate partner violence, sexual violence and teen dating violence, and child maltreatment.
Prescription Drug Overdose Prescription opioid painkiller overdose deaths in the United States quadrupled between andclaiming more than 16, lives in alone.
Deaths caused by prescription painkiller overdose now outnumber deaths from all illicit drugs, such as heroin and cocaine, combined. State legislatures continue to explore ways to reduce prescription drug overdose and prevent people from using these drugs for recreational purposes.
In25 states passed 35 laws to address this growing public health concern. Schedule II through V have accepted medical uses, but also have a potential for abuse; schedule II has a higher potential for abuse, and schedule V has the lowest.
Many prescription painkillers are schedule II through V controlled substances.
Authorized health care practitioners can write prescriptions for these controlled substances, but many states are placing more restrictions on how these substances are prescribed and distributed. In addition to the federal controlled substance schedules, states maintain their own schedules of controlled substances.
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs PDMPs are statewide programs that aim to track prescription painkillers electronically from the time they are prescribed to the time they are distributed to a patient. Fourteen states enacted legislation in to modify an existing PDMP.
A brief description of these laws follows. Alabama House Bill amends existing law to require prescription payment information to be included in the controlled substances database. This law also expands the entities allowed to access the database to include, authorized representatives of the Alabama Medicaid Agency and up to two employees on behalf of a physician.
It also allows professional licensing boards to require practitioners to access the controlled substances database prior to prescribing, dispensing or administering medications. California Senate Bill establishes the Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System Fund to support the operation and maintenance of the statewide prescription monitoring system.
Connecticut House Bill allows the Commissioner of Consumer Protection to identify products or substances to be included in the electronic prescription drug monitoring program. It also requires weekly reporting to this monitoring program from pharmacies, nonresident pharmacies, outpatient pharmacies in a hospital or institution, and dispensers.
Every practitioner who distributes, administers or dispenses any controlled substance is required register with the electronic prescription drug monitoring program. This law allows licensed chemical dependency professionals or licensed professional mental health counselors to obtain a utilization report for patients who are receiving treatment in substance abuse treatment programs.
It allows the Chief Medical Examiner or licensed physician designee to obtain a patient utilization report for the purpose of investigating the death of an individual.
This law also authorizes the exchange of prescription information submitted to program through an interstate commission with an authorized state. Indiana House Bill establishes the Indiana Scheduled Prescription Electronic Collection and Tracking Program interim study committee to study potential enhancements to the program, including real time reporting of prescription information, reporting of criminal convictions involving controlled substances and illegal drugs, and requiring health care practitioners who prescribe medications to use the program.Year in Review Violence and Injury Prevention Laws.
Year in Review: Violence and Injury Prevention Laws. Two states passed laws to address teen dating violence by creating or modifying school curriculum.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States. In , at least million. SAFE SCHOOLS: Preventing School Violence NYS Mandatory Training 1.
6. 2. 7. 3. 8. 4. 9. 5. Name: information regarding the components of the law and an overview of violence prevention. Conceptualizing Violence Prevention Statistics Related to School Violence In the United States, an estimated 55 million students are enrolled in pre.
Youth violence is an important national and public health problem. Despite a recent decline in homicide rates across the United States, homicide continues to claim the lives of many young people. intimate partner violence than those that are born outside the United States.7 • Evidence supporting a link between certain cultural beliefs associated with some Hispanic cultures and increased rates of domestic violence is mixed.
Violence is a serious problem in the United States (U.S.). From infants to the elderly, it affects people in all stages of life. In , more than 19, people were victims of homicide and nearly 45, people took their own life.
As awareness of harassment, intimidation and bullying in the school setting have grown, state legislatures have been addressing this problem. Consequently, since , all but a few states have enacted legislation of some form to combat bullying.