Reply I added a quote from the Vinaya Sutra. In general, my observation is, there is a lot of confusion among Westerners — who lack a good study background of Buddhism — and sometimes not well differentiating or even manipulative Tibetan Buddhist teachers in which unhealthy misunderstandings form and start to determine or distort reality.
Conference speaker Michael Cook, widely considered among the most outstanding scholars on the history of Islam, is the author of several classic works on Muhammad and early Islamic theology, including A Brief History of the Human Race and Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought In this presentation, Cook vividly described the merging of politics and religion in the life of Muhammad and how this legacy shapes the Muslim world today.
We recommend the reader download and print a copy of this packet before reading the transcript. Welcome to Key West. We have a group of your colleagues who meet twice a year for lunch to talk about what the next conference should be about, and what topics we should cover.
When we met last time, it was at the height of the cartoon controversy, and we wanted an expert on Islam and Muhammad to speak. Everybody in the room agreed that if we could get Professor Michael Cook, it would be great because Dr. Cook is one of the leading authorities, not only in this country but in the world, on the subject.
One of our first questions to him will be: How does one write a brief history of the human race? I ought to start by apologizing for the fact that I am bringing you stale news.
That would be unkind. I want to back up a few centuries and give you some background about the rise of monotheism. Maybe you know all about that already. The rise of monotheism happened late in the day. For many centuries, it was the religion of the ancient Israelites, a small Near Eastern people, and of their descendants, the Jews.
Even when it started to spread to non-Jews in significant numbers in the form of Christianity, Christianity remained for the best part of three centuries the religion of a persecuted minority. But that changed dramatically in the fourth century, and the guy who changed it was the Roman Emperor Constantine.
Constantine adopted Christianity as his religion and, by extension, as the religion of the Roman Empire. At that point, monotheism, in its Christian form, for the first time became a bandwagon.
Down until the time of Constantine, you had to be pretty strongly interested in your eternal salvation for it to make sense to convert to Christianity.
After Constantine, people like you and me are jumping on the bandwagon. It makes excellent sense in this world to convert to Christianity. From the fourth century onward, a whole series of peoples around the Roman world decide to give up their ancestral paganism and convert to Christianity. This is a big historical trend.
For example, you have pagan holdouts — people like the Lithuanians who are so incredibly obstinate that 1, years after Constantine, they still insist on worshiping their pagan gods. Or you have people who like to play the field, like the Khazars. The Khazars turn up their noses at Christianity, and they decide to take their monotheistic medicine in the form of Judaism.
Both those peoples are of some consequence if you study the history of the regions they lived in. How did the Arabs do it?
First and perhaps most important of all, the Arabs did not convert to Christianity like everybody else. Neither did they cling obstinately to their ancestral paganism.
Nor did they turn up their noses at Christianity and adopt Judaism. What they did was to come up with a monotheist religion of their own. That initiated an extraordinary series of events. The Arabs, in their Arabian homeland, came together to form a state. Then they set out from their homeland and conquered an empire that stretched all the way from Spain to Central Asia and northwestern India.
That empire was the crucible in which the Islamic world as we know it began to come into existence. But the most crucial person is Muhammad, because he was the one who gave the Arabs their new monotheism and established their state.
How and why did he manage to make that difference, a difference that has made an enormous dent on the history of the world and continues to dent the world as we know it today?Eugenics (/ j uː ˈ dʒ ɛ n ɪ k s /; from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.
The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in The Link Between Health and Socioeconomic, Environmental and Demographics Factors - In California, for instance, Haan, Kaplan and Camacho () found that people from poor areas experienced higher mortality rates (after controlling proper age, race and sex) than the population from non-poverty areas.
Teachers historically have been expected to maintain a high level of moral and ethical behavior. As of the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) requires professional ethics to be addressed as part of the teacher accreditation process. A teacher’s first moral obligation is to provide excellent instruction.
Legal and ethical issues will be identified through action research activities covering current laws, policies and politics, moral issues, academic integrity, privacy and confidentiality, legal issues involved in grant writing and discrimination and equal protection.
Choice of Instructor /or Teacher. One of the commonest ethical issues in education is the choice of teacher a particular child or set of children will have in the following year.
Such issues usually ensue between the principal, school administration and parents of the children. THE SECRET DOCTRINE: THE SYNTHESIS OF SCIENCE, RELIGION, AND PHILOSOPHY. by H. P. BLAVATSKY, Author of "ISIS UNVEILED." "There is no Religion higher than Truth.".