To assure timely disposition of all cases consistent with the goals of Government Code section and California Standards of Judicial Administration 2. Except where otherwise required by law, continuances are granted or denied in the court's discretion and are not granted solely on the basis of the stipulation of the parties.
The juvenile court was founded in in Chicago with the goal of rehabilitating wayward youth. Although the methods of rehabilitation, or treatment, have changed over time, it is a goal that remains central to the function and legitimacy of the juvenile court.
Treatment encompasses many different means of attending to the needs of delinquent or neglected youth: Despite treatment being the fundamental goal, juvenile courts recently have become more criminalized because of concerns about fairness; that is, they are more like adult criminal courts.
Examples of criminalization include an increased use of determinate outcomes and more adversarial proceedings. The juvenile court is an important component of the American criminal justice system because it adjudicates wrongdoing by juveniles and attempts to prevent future crimes by addressing the root causes of problem youthful behavior.
When parents fail to informally control their children and prevent wrongful behavior, society has an obligation to punish and correct delinquent youth. However, authorities must intervene in a way that acknowledges the limited rationality of immature minds.
Juvenile court practitioners assume they can rehabilitate wayward youth through treatment. From its inception, the juvenile court has applied the best scientific methods from medicine, psychology, criminology, sociology, and social work to change antisocial behavior. Critics of the juvenile courts have noted a tendency toward punishment over treatment; thus, juveniles have due process rights in court procedures to ensure fair hearings.
Some of the more common terms are defined here. When a juvenile commits a felony crime, it is called delinquency, meaning that a juvenile is delinquent in his or her obligation to society. Delinquency includes personal and property crimes, such as robbery and burglary.
Behaviors that are prohibited only for youth are called status offenses the age cutoff between youth and adulthood varies by state. Status offenses include truancy, drinking alcohol, breaking curfew, and incorrigibility i. Cases in which juveniles need intervention because they are not being cared for by parents or guardians are called abuse if done so maliciously or neglect if done so unintentionally.
Although juvenile courts handle all kinds or family- and youth-related matters, such as adoption and guardianship, this research paper focuses on delinquency matters. To emphasize the treatment goal, juvenile courts avoid the stigmatizing language used in the adult criminal courts.
For instance, a juvenile is referred to the court rather than arrested. A formal written complaint against a juvenile is called a petition rather than a charge. The trial is called an adjudication, and the sentence is called a disposition.
Finally, to be held in custody until the adjudication hearing is called detention. Juvenile court professionals have designations similar to those of their counterparts in adult courts, but their roles differ slightly.
A juvenile court judge is a magistrate who is responsible for adjudicating delinquency, status offenses, and abuse and neglect cases and other legal family matters.
In most jurisdictions the judge also runs the juvenile court office, hiring personnel, setting office policies, and planning the budget. A chief juvenile office manager oversees daily functions, but the judge holds the ultimate authority over operations.The mission of the Connecticut Judicial Branch is to serve the interests of justice and the public by resolving matters brought before it in a fair, timely, efficient and open manner.
Introduction Washington State provides members of the public with access to data and information contained in unsealed juvenile records.1 In this paper, I use multiple methods – including data analysis, interviews, and cost analysis – in order to examine the process, effects, and fiscal costs of records sealing, the only mechanism that allows such individuals to recover their privacy.
This page is primarily concerned with juvenile delinquency in the United leslutinsduphoenix.com information on juvenile delinquency in general, see juvenile leslutinsduphoenix.com addition, although the term juvenile delinquency often refers to juvenile as both the victims and the aggressors, this page only refers to juveniles as the actual delinquents.
Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on July 3, by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society.
Courts Criminal Drug Court. The Bucks County Court of Common Pleas has instituted a voluntary Drug Court Program utilizing the 10 Key Components of Drug Courts, based on proven national research and program models. The Bucks County Drug Court is an adult drug court assisting high risk/high need, non-violent offenders with successful rehabilitation from the use of drugs and/or alcohol.
Juvenile courts and adult courts are different in the way that juveniles are not put on trial for committing crimes, but for delinquent actions, and when the delinquent actions are very severe, then they could be considered crimes and the juvenile could be tried as an adult in the adult court system.