After a year of teaching, she earned a public policy fellowship from the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute CHCIwhich is dedicated to helping obtain government jobs for young Latinos.
Coaches key in making competition a positive or negative sport experience for athletes This is an excerpt from Sport Psychology for Coaches by Damon Burton and Thomas Raedeke. What standard will your athletes use?
Comparisons can be made with three types of standards: You will learn later in this text how to help athletes reduce anxiety and improve performance by focusing on self-evaluative goals rather than on winning.
Are you willing to do this, even in a competitive situation? This is the type of question that your coaching philosophy will help you answer.
How can your view of competition affect your coaching philosophy?
Critics of competition point to problems such as violence between performers, coaches, officials, and spectators; development of serious participation-related physical disabilities; promotion of poor character development and distorted reasoning skills; lack of accountability in the classroom; and negative attitudes toward physical activity because of unpleasant sport experiences.
Proponents, on the other hand, view competition as a constructive use of time and energy; a way to develop a sense of fair play, positive character traits, and skills that promote success in career and life; an important tool for enhancing quality of performance; and a powerful learning strategy that helps us to view problems as opportunities for achievement and fulfillment.
Arguments on both sides of this debate are insightful and compelling, and it can be difficult to determine how beneficial competition really is. When we ask our students whether they feel competition is good or bad, the overwhelming response is that it is good, although many students want to qualify their answer, having seen or experienced the negative consequences of winning being overemphasized.
To us, this is a trick question, because we view competition as a neutral process, inherently neither good nor bad. Competition is not responsible for either the positive or the negative consequences so frequently highlighted by the media.
The impact of competition, both helpful and detrimental, results not from competition itself but from how it is organized and conducted.
As a coach, you play a major role in making sport a positive competitive experience—or not. In fact, competition can be fun, and making sport enjoyable will help your athletes stay in it longer and feel high intrinsic motivation to improve. As you can see, then, the very nature of competition can affect your coaching philosophy.
This section discusses four areas of competition that your coaching philosophy must address in order to maximize the positive effects of competing.
Making Competition a Powerful Motivational Force Just as competition is used to motivate people in a variety of educational and business settings, it can be used to motivate your athletes in sport situations as well.
You may recall situations in which competition motivated you, such as playing an archrival for the conference championship, trying to outperform a friend on a big test, or working to land a good job.
But have there ever been times when competition did not motivate you, or when it even reduced your motivation? As you can see in figure 1.
And their motivation will likely remain high as long as challenge falls within a comfort zone ranging from just above to just below their current capabilities. As the discrepancy between skill level and the competitive challenge increases, motivation steadily declines.Somos Primos.
JULY, Editor: Mimi Lozano © Dedicated to Hispanic Heritage and Diversity Issues Society of Hispanic Historical and Ancestral Research. Respiration Values Of Athletes Vs Non Athletes Physical Education Essay The purpose of this lab was to compare the lung capacities of six different individuals, within three different categories: smoker.
On a different note, even though the athlete had much higher respiratory factors than the non-athlete, this does not mean that the non-athlete had necessarily normal levels either.
The normal tidal volume (TV), or normal inhalation and exhalation, for the average adult male is mL. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Nationally Accredited Continuing Education Courses for Psychologists, Social Workers, Counselors, and Marriage and Family Therapists.
Athletes had a tendency to rate female athletes in general as being more likeable than non-athletes did. Athletes in general are exposed to similar stressors (Tinsley, ) and this similarity and understanding may explain why athletic participants generally rated female athletes as more likeable.