Etymology[ edit ] The dio- element has been associated since antiquity with Zeus genitive Dios. This is attested on two tablets that had been found at Mycenaean Pylos and dated to the 12th or 13th century BC, but at the time, there could be no certainty on whether this was indeed a theonym.
Dionysuslike Apollo and Heracles, is one of the most frequently represented figures in ancient and postclassical art. No more than a very few selections can be given here from the thousands of surviving works of art Dionysus begins to appear on Athenian vases in the mid-sixth century B.
The god is robed, bearded, and wreathed with ivy, and he has a cup in this case a horn-shaped vessel in one hand. Another black-figure vase ca. He is shown alone, holding a cup and staff, in a red-figure vase ca. Sometimes he holds the thyrsus normally an attribute of maenadsas in two red-figure vases ca.
Dionysus is also portrayed as a young nude god, sometimes holding a thyrsus, as on a red-figure vase in London ca. Remarkable re-creations of the youthful Dionysus are the marble statue of Bacchus by Michelangelonow in Florence and the painting Bacchus by Caravaggio ca.
The Birth and Nurture of Dionysus in Art. Vases depicting the fate of Semele and the birth of Dionysus from the thigh of Zeus have been mentioned in connection with Hermes see Chapter 12and Dionysus-Zagreus will be discussed in connection with Orpheus see Chapter The lid of the Indian Triumph sarcophagus ca.
In postclassical art the birth and nurture of Dionysus were frequently painted in the seventeenth century. Poussin several times painted The Nurture of Bacchus: An exceptionally fine one is The Indian Triumph of Dionysus ca.
In this relief, as on many other sarcophagi, he is shown young, robed, and holding the thyrsus. One of the finest of all Roman sarcophagi is the Seasons Sarcophagus ca. On a red-figure vase ca. In the next century Dionysus is shown as the young god with Ariadne, most splendidly in the so-called Derveni Kratera large bronze container for ashes with reliefs of Dionysus and his followers ca.
In the main relief the nude young god sits on a rock with Ariadne, who unveils herself in a gesture of acceptance of her husband. Dionysus appears quite often in Roman paintings at Pompeii and Herculaneum. In the Villa of the Mysteries at Pompeii is a fresco ca.
Its interpretation is still a matter for debate, but its Bacchic theme is certain.
The coming of Dionysus to Ariadne was significant in funerary art as an allegory of the waking of the soul from death to eternal life.
This is the theme of a sarcophagus from the cemetery under St. The god comes in his chariot drawn by a lyre-playing centaur and preceded by a centauress, Pan, and a silenus.
In the center he stands, robed and holding a thyrsus reversed, looking towards the sleeping Ariadne, near whom are maenads. On the right two maenads are about to attack Pentheus.Description The triumphal march of Dionysus (or Bacchus, as he was generally known in Rome) through the lands of India was equated in Roman thought with the triumph of the deceased over death.
At the left, Dionysus rides in a chariot pulled by panthers. Bacchus is the Roman name for the Greek god Dionysus. Dionysus was the son of the Greek god Zeus (or Jupiter, to use his Roman equivalent) and a mortal woman named Semele.
Dionysus was the Greek god of wine, the grape harvest, ecstasy and madness. Dionysus-Bacchus, Greco-Roman marble statue C2nd A.D., State Hermitage Museum.
DIONYSOS, the youthful, beautiful, but effeminate god of wine.
New Evidence for the Mysteries of Dionysos GUETTEL COLE, SUSAN Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies; Fall ; 21, 3; Periodicals Archive Online pg. New Evidence for the Mysteries of Dionysos Susan Guettel Cole I N the grave of a woman was excavated at ancient Hip ponion, a colony of Lokroi in southern Italy.l The grave con. The Bacchae had an enormous impact on Roman literature. It seems to have been one of Horace's favorite tragedies. The play's influence, however, has extended far beyond the Romans; dramatists and filmmakers of all ages have been greatly impacted by it. A Drunken Dionysus. Dionysus in Greek Mythology - The Midas Touch Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, featured in the stories, myths and legends in Greek Mythology. The famous story of the man with the Midas touch is associated with Dionysus.
He is also called both by Greeks and Romans Bacchus (Bakchos), that is, the noisy or riotous god, which was originally a mere epithet or surname of Dionysus, but does not occur till after the time of Herodotus.
One of the finest of all Roman sarcophagi is the Seasons Sarcophagus (ca. A.D., now in New York), in which the young Dionysus, seated and half-robed, is shown flanked by four young men representing the fruitfulness of the seasons.
Keywords: Bacchanalia, Cosmion, Dionysos, Eric Voegelin, Livy, Roman cult, Roman Republic, Early Christianity, Religious Persecution, Orgiastic Sexuality.
|SYMBOLS & ATTRIBUTES||Etymology[ edit ] The dio- element has been associated since antiquity with Zeus genitive Dios. This is attested on two tablets that had been found at Mycenaean Pylos and dated to the 12th or 13th century BC, but at the time, there could be no certainty on whether this was indeed a theonym.|
|Representations in Art||The Raw and the Cooked All human groups, including the so-called primitives, are aware of their cultural identity by contrast to other, "uncivilized" forms of life.|
|Dionysus - Wikipedia||Some deities even merit works solely about them and the legends surrounding them, such as the ancient god of wine, Dionysos.|
|ADDITIONAL MEDIA||He was depicted as either an older, bearded god or an effeminate, long-haired youth.|
|Dionysus | Powers, Personality, Symbols, & Facts | leslutinsduphoenix.com||The extraordinary beauty and passion of the poetic choral descriptions indicate that the author certainly knew what attracted those who followed Dionysus.|
Introduction In bce, the Roman Senate decided to take measures against the worshippers of the god Bacchus and thereby initiated the largest systematic persecution of a religious group. Liber was a native Roman god of wine, fertility, and prophecy, patron of Rome's plebeians (citizen-commoners) and a close equivalent to Bacchus-Dionysus Eleutherios.
The Bacchic rituals contained omophagic practices such as pulling live animals apart and eating the whole of them raw.