Of the many that exist, the most prevalent are learning theoriessocial cognitive theorytheories of reasoned action and planned behaviourtranstheoretical model of behavior change, the health action process approach and the BJ Fogg model of behavior change. Research has also been conducted regarding specific elements of these theories, especially elements like self-efficacy that are common to several of the theories.
Importance[ edit ] In the early part of nursing's history, there was little formal nursing knowledge. As nursing education developed, the need to categorize knowledge led to development of nursing theory to help nurses evaluate increasingly complex client care situations.
Nursing theories also administer a structure for communicating with other nurses and with other representatives and members of the health care team. Nursing theories assist the development of nursing in formulating beliefs, values and goals.
They help to define the different particular contribution of nursing with the care of clients. Borrowed and shared theories[ edit ] Not all theories in nursing are unique nursing theories; many are borrowed or shared with other disciplines.
Theories and concepts that originated in related sciences have been borrowed by nurses to explain and explore phenomena specific to nursing. This limits the use of grand nursing theories for directing, explaining, and predicting nursing in particular situations.
However, these theories may contain concepts that can lend themselves to empirical testing.
Grand theories consist of conceptual frameworks defining broad perspectives for practice and ways of looking at nursing phenomena based on the perspectives.
Mid-range nursing theories[ edit ] Middle-range nursing theories are narrower in scope than grand nursing theories and offer an effective bridge between grand nursing theories and nursing practice. They present concepts and a lower level of abstraction and guide theory-based research and nursing practice strategies.
One of the hallmarks of mid-range theory compared to grand theories is that mid-range theories are more tangible and verifiable through testing. Middle-range theories are simple, straightforward, general, and consider a limited number of variables and limited aspect of reality.
Nursing practice theories provide frameworks for nursing interventions, and predict outcomes and the impact of nursing practice. The capacity of these theories are limited, and analyzes a narrow aspect of a phenomena. Nursing practice theories are usually defined to an exact community or discipline.
The nursing model is a consolidation of both concepts and the assumption that combine them into a meaningful arrangement. A model is a way of presenting a situation in such a way that it shows the logical terms in order to showcase the structure of the original idea.
The term nursing model cannot be used interchangeably with nursing theory.
Components of nursing modeling[ edit ] There are three main key components to a nursing model: The first important step in development of ideas about nursing is to establish the body approach essential to nursing, then to analyse the beliefs and values around those.
Common concepts of nursing modeling: A metaparadigm is intended to help guide others to conduct research and utilize the concepts for academia within that discipline.CINAHL will give you different models to choose from: "Nursing Model, Theoretical", "Models, Biological", or Models, Psychological".
When you click on the CINAHL heading "Nursing Model, Theoretical" you will see a variety of potential theories to search. The Cornerstone Text on Transcultural Nursing Concepts – Updated with the Latest Advances and Breakthroughs Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing: Concepts, Theories, Research & Practices, Fourth Edition offers theoretical and practical guidance about the provision of client-focused care by integrating cultural values, beliefs, and lifeways into an individualized plan of care.
George B. Julia, Nursing Theories- The base for professional Nursing Practice, 3rd ed. Norwalk, Appleton and Lange.
Wills leslutinsduphoenix.com, McEwen Melanie (). Theoretical Basis for Nursing Philadelphia. Articles published on this site are handouts/class notes prepared by the editors based on the references cited.
Contents provided in these articles are meant for general information only, and are not suggested as replacement to standard references. Nursing theory is defined as "a creative and rigorous structuring of ideas that project a tentative, purposeful, and systematic view of phenomena".
Through systematic inquiry, whether in nursing research or practice, nurses are able to develop knowledge relevant to improving the care of patients. Madeleine Leininger: One of the newer nursing theories, Transcultural Nursing first appeared in According to Leininger, the goal of nursing is to provide care .