Fish and Wildlife Service; one of 16 refuges in Alaska. The ANWR is also home to an impressive collection of wildlife; with 42 fish species, 37 land mammals, 8 marine mammals, and over resident and migratory bird species, the Refuge is one of the most diverse areas in the arctic, with several notable species including polar bears, musk oxen, and caribou U.
Oil In fact, the world oil shortage is political, not geological. In Nigeria, civil strife has shut down major production.
In Libya and Iran, Washington effectively blockaded and isolated the nations for years to inhibit new production. In nations such as Russia and Mexico nationalism and corruption curtail increased production.
Outside of developed Western countries, the single largest reason for oil "shortages" is government incompetence and ownership of the subsoil rights so that landowners don't benefit from oil discoveries.
In Patagonia, Argentina a nation with abundant oilI was told how it was common for landowners to try to hide any evidence of oil seepages from underground, lest the government oil company come in and ruin their lands with no benefit to themselves.
Private mineral rights ownership is the reason some 90 percent of all oil wells drilled have been in the U. Scientific advances and innovative engineers keep coming up with ways to both discover new fields and keep old ones in production almost indefinitely. ANWR could become the fastest way to generate hundreds of billions of dollars of new oil.
Additionally, leasing is done slowly, thanks to laws written when oil was plentiful. Such laws were designed to gain maximum upfront money for the government, not for speed. The cost and distance gives some idea of industry expectations as to the extent of oil reserves.
Expect 12 months or more for an Environmental Impact Statement after Congress approves drilling. And this is working fast. It would likely take much longer. Expect 12 months to 18 months for the Department of Interior to draw up and bid out the lease-sale process.
Plan on two years for oil companies to do test drilling and analysis. Drilling and transport of heavy equipment can only be done in the winter months when the permafrost ground is solidly frozen, from December through April. Concurrently with oil drilling, a mile pipeline spur needs be built to connect to the main Alyeska Pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to the Southern shipping port.
However, this time frame does not allow for environmental lawsuits "every step of the way," as Crockett warned. The rest of the year time frame is to allow for lawsuits trying to prevent or harass production in one way or another.
There has already been a test well drilled in ANWR and the oil drilling could be done from a concentrated small area, about the size of Dulles Airport.
Its reserves are estimated at 10 billion barrels by the U. Geological Surveycompared to 32 billion nationwide, almost a 33 percent increase. It would also create somewell-paying jobs, according to a Wharton Econometrics study [pdf].
Some accurate pictures are finally beginning to circulate. Previously, ANWR was typically portrayed as if it was like the Rockies, with happy goats jumping around. But the land is actually flat and desolate for most of the year, feeding birds and caribou in the summertime.
I have personally seen such land with its untold numbers of shallow, frigid little lakes on the Arctic Circle in Northern Russia.As oil is used in many other things than cars, it is a good idea to drill for oil in ANWR for many more reasons.
ANWR is the largest oil reserve in North America. If we have it than we should use it, especially since it is needed more than ever before. Can Offshore Drilling Really Make the U.S. Oil Independent? Even if U.S.
energy policy goes "drill baby drill," there will be no escape from the vicissitudes of the global oil . In fact, the world oil shortage is political, not geological. In the U.S., the government makes it virtually impossible to drill in new areas offshore.
In Nigeria, civil strife has shut down major. Plans to drill for oil in the ANWR should be rejected to preserve and protect the key species and overall biodiversity of the ecosystem as the environmental damage to wildlife incurred from oil drilling and development outweighs potential economic benefits.
Apr 20, · Oil Drilling in the Alaskan Wildlife Refuges America Should Reject the Oil Businesses Plan and Permanently Protect The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, comprising more than nineteen million acres in the northern corner of Alaska, is unique and one of the largest units of the National Wildlife system.
The question of whether to drill for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) has been an ongoing political controversy in the United States since As of , Republicans have attempted to allow drilling in ANWR almost fifty times, finally being successful with the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of ANWR comprises 19 million acres ( million ha) of the north Alaskan.